5G represents a new stage in the evolution of mobile communications history. Above all, it will revolutionize mobile data transfer by providing higher capacities within individual mobile radio cells. However, the new features of 5G are not limited to enabling better use of mobile data. The 5G network also offers a range of other possibilities. The future of broadband for consumers and businesses such as autonomous cars, smart communities, AI & IoT and even to immersive education will all rely on the speed and reliability 5G carries out.
Data traffic continues to grow unceasingly around the world. Network operators face the immense challenge of meeting demand for fast, ubiquitous data links by providing faster, larger wireless networks.
The digital connections between people and machines are evolving at breakneck speed. This calls for powerful networks and an appropriate infrastructure. Increasing data volumes require faster data transfer.
5G will set new standards. It will meet future requirements for data speed, network capacity, latency, and data security
The C-RAN approach advocates for the separation of the radio elements of the base station (called remote radio heads, RRHs) from the elements processing the baseband signal (so called baseband units, BBUs), which are centralized in a single location or even virtualized into the cloud. This approach benefits from simpler radio equipment at the network edge, easier operation, and cheaper maintenance, while the main RAN intelligence (BBUs) is centralized in the operator-controlled premises. The challenge of C-RAN deployments is that such a functional split requires these two elements to be connected through a high-speed, low-latency, and accurately synchronized network, the so-called fronthaul. 5G networks will move towards centralizing the radio function using an eCPRI based fronthaul. The main objective here is to limit the electronics needed at the antenna site. This lowers cost as air conditioning is not needed at the antenna site.
|Physical Layer Connect||PROs||CONs|
|Dark Fiber Run Simple||Lowest Latency Fiber Cost||No Network Monitoring|
|Passive WDM||Cost-effective, Low Bandwidth at Fronthaul||Fiber Cost, No Network Monitoring|
|Active WDM||Fiber Cost Save, OAM & Network Reliability||High Hardware Cost|
|NG-PON2||Cost-effectiveness, Latency||No OAM, Optics Cost|
|Wireless (mmWave, FSO)||Fast & Agile Network, Fiber-free||Limited Network Reach|
LIGHTRON is a primary contributor of Korea 5G NR Deployment which started as of the end of 2018. A wide range of optical transceiver products implement the advancements tailored to diverse roles and benefits of different 5G networks by different CSP (communication service provider) in Korean market.
LIGHTRON optics portfolio for 5G NR technically aims for fiber-line efficiency and reduced OPEX by using quality-proven short-wavelength optics. Low dispersion in O-band allows simple 25G NRZ transmission without need for dispersion compensation. On the other hand, long wavelength (C/L-band) benefits still exist but are not compelling enough to offset the loss and cost from high dispersion.
|Loss||Low||Insignificant in application|
|FEC||Yes & Costly||(Optional)|
|Reach||10km at 25G||40km at 25G|